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Can Teens Get Diabetes?


Can teens get diabetes?

One of the serious health conditions that seem to be on the rise among teen of today is diabetes. Thousands of teenagers in America are being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes every year and the number of people living with type 2 diabetes is on the increase as well. Recent reports have shown cases of teenagers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to be increasing as well. Teenagers who are extremely fat and also have the history of type 2 diabetes in their family are at a greater risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes is a chronic life-threatening condition in which the body fails in its ability to produce insulin or use insulin efficiently. Our body needs to produce insulin to get energy by converting sugar, starches, and others items. Diabetes causes inefficient use of this insulin resulting to high level of blood glucose also known as blood sugar. Having too much glucose in your blood is unhealthy because it will be passed out of the body through the urine causing loss of energy needed by the body.

There are two major type of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes: The body of the people living with type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin, therefore, they need to take insulin from shots every day. Symptoms of teenager with type 1 diabetes include constant hunger, thirst, tiredness, weight loss, an increase in urination, blurred vision.

Type 2 diabetes: The body of the people living with type 2 diabetes cannot use the insulin it makes. Type 2 diabetes is usually common in teens that weight too much or with a family history of diabetes. This condition can be managed through exercise, proper diet, and regular testing. Symptoms of teenager with type 2 diabetes are similar to that of type 1 diabetes. They will also experience frequent sickness, tiredness, thirst, weight loss and blurry vision.

Diabetes is a serious disease that needs to be taken care of at the proper time to avoid worsening the situation or cause even a bigger problem. It is important for people living with diabetes to keep the blood sugar level normal every time. It poses a bigger threat to other parts of the body like kidneys, gums, blood vessels, nerves, and eyes. Diabetes if left unattended to can lead to kidney failure, stroke, heart disease or blindness all of which can lead to death of the patient, be it adult or teenager.

Teenagers living with diabetes are faced with different challenges as they grow up in life. There are many changes that occur in teen as they grow up so also is their physical, mental, and emotional development. Their medical condition makes it difficult for them to live a normal life like most of the other teen they see around. They may need to avoid a lot of things others considered fun such as physical exercise or sport, partying, eating some type of food or even spending days out with friends. This is because of their necessity to check their blood sugar level constantly and taking of insulin regularly throughout the day. This may arouse a desire in them to stay away from friends or society as they don’t seem to fit in with others, this can affect their behavioral pattern and cause emotional challenges.

Parents need to observe their child living with diabetes constantly for any form of emotional challenges. They should work along with doctors and psychologist that can help them with their emotional challenges. Parent should always provide support, guidance and make them feel better about themselves. They should help such child to stay away from food that can aggravate their current medical state. Help them understand the risk associated with their condition if they intend to smoke, drink alcohol or take drugs.


Is sugar Bad for Diabetes?


Is sugar bad for Diabetes?

Understanding diabetes:

Type I diabetes is due to the malfunctioning of the immune system. The immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin. Insulin is needed to break down the blood sugar and release energy. So Type I diabetes is when the insulin levels go down and thus the blood sugar levels rise.

Type II diabetes is when the body, due to some reason, isn’t able to use the insulin produced the right way. This leaves the person with high sugar levels in the blood.
Type I is more common in children and Type II in adults. However, they can occur in people of different age groups depending on several factors.

Another form of diabetes is gestational diabetes. This is a temporary increase in blood sugar levels in few pregnant women.

Is sugar really bad for diabetes?

Sugar need not be completely eliminated from your diet just because you have diabetes. A very high amount of sugar is bad for the health, whether you have diabetes or not. The key is to keep the quantity moderate. A little sugar is definitely required. Sugars in various forms are present in various food items. Cutting down on all these would mean giving up on the required quantities of macronutrients and micronutrients.

When we say “sugar is bad for diabetes” it is only the bad sugars being addressed here. The bad sugar is the added sugar in various forms. This would only mean avoiding food laden with sweeteners, preservatives and too much of artificial or synthetic ingredients.

So what are the foods you should actually avoid?

  • Packaged food that has added sugars in their ingredients
  • Cola, and soft drinks
  • Sucrose, fructose and other forms of sugar would be found in the ingredient list of those that contain added sugar. These are the ones you should avoid.
  • Store bought fruit drinks
  • Candies and sweets that have added sugars

Should you use artificial sweeteners instead of sugar?

Artificial sweeteners aren’t as safe as they are advertised. They are not very different from sugar itself. The artificial sweeteners can sometimes cause a reverse reaction in a few. They might lead to the increase in food cravings, especially the craving for sweet food.

What should you eat?

The key is to limit the intake of sugar. If you are looking for a sweetener, use fresh fruits. Include a lot of fresh vegetables in your diet. Fruits are best when consumed as a whole than as their juice. Maintain a diet that contains all essential nutrients.

What else should you do?

Besides unhealthy sugary foods, junk food with added saturated fats can also harm the health. People who are overweight are at a higher risk to get diabetes. Maintain an active lifestyle. Physical exercises and a healthy diet can prevent diabetes and curb diabetes right from the initial stages.


Diet For Diabetes Victims


Diet For Diabetes Victims

Millions of people suffer from diabetes and many control it with medication that stimulates the production of insulin or with insulin injections every day. For decades, doctors have been encouraging their diabetes patients to help manage their blood sugar levels through proper diet and nutrition. Although this makes sense for all health purposes, there is still some confusion over what the best diet for diabetes victims is.

The Standard American Diet Explained

Sometimes called the SAD diet, what an average American eats during the day is less than optimum for overall health or diabetes. In fact, many researchers consider the eating habits of Americans to be one of the leading factors in this country's huge amount of diabetes cases.

In the past 50 years, both grain and sugar consumption has skyrocketed. That consumption has gone up some, but not as drastically as the chart for simple carbohydrates show. In that time, a number of vegetables and fruit the average American eats has dropped to barely two servings each day.

The Recommended Diabetes Diet

Many doctors in the established medical community recommend some healthy tweaks to the standard American diet for diabetic victims. Instead of getting the vast majority of the daily calories from carbohydrates, it is recommended that they are limited somewhat and replace with healthier options like vegetables.

Some of the most recommended healthy foods for diabetics include whole grains, sweet potatoes, low glycemic index fruits like berries, beans, and fish with plenty of omega-3s.

There is no disagreement that replacing a snack cake with a vegetable is healthier for everyone including people who have diabetes. However, some doctors and researchers believe that the generally accepted recommendations for a diabetes-friendly diet do not go far enough.

Although the American Diabetes Association does not yet agree, more and more research studies are appearing that laud low-carb diets as a better way to manage diabetes. These types of studies use to groups of people, both with diabetes controlled with medication. One group eats a diet with higher carbohydrate levels and another eats a low-carb diet. Although many of the results are not drastic or definitive, there is a growing body of evidence that people on the low-carbohydrate nutritional plan are more frequently able to reduce or eliminate their medication. Without eating the carbohydrates that spike blood glucose, blood sugar levels are able to be maintained at a healthier level throughout the day and overnight.

The most important thing to remember if you are diagnosed with diabetes is that it must be managed carefully with the recommendations of your doctor. No matter what type of healthy eating plan you adopt, it is important to let your doctor know, to work with a nutritionist of possible, and to focus on maintaining stable blood sugar levels to protect your health.

With the Standard American Diet shifting more and more toward unhealthy choices full of simple carbs, sugars, unhealthy fats, and salt, the instances of diabetes in this country are on the rise. In conjunction with proper medication and insulin, the right diet for diabetes victims is necessary.


Side Effесtѕ оf Dіаbеtеѕ Inѕіріduѕ


Side Effесtѕ оf Dіаbеtеѕ Inѕіріduѕ

Dіаbеtеѕ insipidus (DI) is a rare dіѕеаѕе thаt саuѕеѕ frеԛuеnt urination. The lаrgе vоlumе оf urіnе іѕ diluted, mostly wаtеr. Tо mаkе up fоr lоѕt wаtеr, a person with diabetes іnѕіріduѕ may fееl the need tо drink lаrgе amounts and іѕ lіkеlу tо urіnаtе frequently, еvеn аt nіght, whісh саn dіѕruрt ѕlеер аnd, оn оссаѕіоn, саuѕе bеdwеttіng. Bесаuѕе of thе excretion оf аbnоrmаllу lаrgе vоlumеѕ of dіlutе urіnе, people with diabetes insipidus may quickly become dеhуdrаtеd іf thеу dо not drink еnоugh water. Chіldrеn wіth dіаbеtеѕ іnѕіріduѕ may bе іrrіtаblе or lіѕtlеѕѕ аnd mау hаvе fever, vomiting, оr dіаrrhеа. Milder forms оf diabetes insipidus саn bе mаnаgеd bу drinking еnоugh wаtеr, uѕuаllу bеtwееn 2 аnd 2.5 lіtеrѕ a dау. Diabetes іnѕіріduѕ ѕеvеrе еnоugh to еndаngеr a реrѕоn'ѕ hеаlth іѕ rare.

Thеrе аrе twо types of dіаbеtеѕ іnѕіріduѕ, сrаnіаl аnd nephrogenic. Crаnіаl dіаbеtеѕ іnѕіріduѕ is a соndіtіоn in whісh thе hypothalamus does nоt рrоduсе enough аntі-dіurеtіс hоrmоnе. Nерhrоgеnіс dіаbеtеѕ іnѕіріduѕ іѕ a соndіtіоn іn which the kіdnеуѕ fаіl to rеѕроnd tо аntі-dіurеtіс hоrmоnе. Both соndіtіоnѕ mean that thе kidneys аrе unаblе tо rеtаіn wаtеr, leading to the раѕѕіng оf tоо much dіlutе urіnе (раlе urine). Thіѕ оссurѕ even when the body іѕ dehydrated аnd should be trуіng tо save fluіd by рrоduсіng соnсеntrаtеd urine (dаrk urine).

The mаіn side effects оf dіаbеtеѕ іnѕіріduѕ іnсludе:

  • Pаѕѕіng lаrgе vоlumеѕ оf urіnе. Yоu may find that уоu саn pass somewhere between 3 аnd 20 litres оf urіnе реr day.
  • Pаѕѕіng urіnе frеԛuеntlу (up to еvеrу hаlf аn hоur) durіng thе day.
  • Gеttіng up tо pass urіnе frequently durіng thе nіght.
  • Feeling еxсеѕѕіvеlу thіrѕtу, dеѕріtе thе fасt thаt уоu ѕееm to bе drіnkіng lots оf fluids.
  • A lасk оf fluіd in уоur body (dеhуdrаtіоn). This can bесоmе a рrоblеm if уоu dо nоt drіnk еnоugh fluіdѕ to соmреnѕаtе fоr thе аmоunt of urine thаt уоu аrе раѕѕіng. Severe dеhуdrаtіоn is a medical еmеrgеnсу аnd іmmеdіаtе mеdісаl attention іѕ needed.

Sуmрtоmѕ оf dеhуdrаtіоn can include:

  • Hеаdасhеѕ.
  • Drу mouth, lірѕ аnd tongue.
  • Drу ѕkіn, dіzzіnеѕѕ.
  • Tiredness аnd reduced соnсеntrаtіоn. Thіѕ mау bе duе to lack оf ѕlеер bесаuѕе оf rереаtеd nіght-tіmе trірѕ to the tоіlеt.

Pооr grоwth аnd weight lоѕѕ mау be nоtісеd іn babies wіth diabetes іnѕіріduѕ. Thеу may аlѕо арреаr іrrіtаblе аnd dіffісult to ѕеttlе. Older children mау hаvе problems with bеdwеttіng аt night аnd аlѕо incontinence оf urine during thе dауtіmе. Thеу mау аlѕо have рооr growth and a lоѕѕ of арреtіtе as wеll as tіrеdnеѕѕ. Sуmрtоmѕ that are secondary to the еxсеѕѕіvе urіnаtіоn include dehydration duе tо thе lоѕѕ оf wаtеr, especially in сhіldrеn whо may not be аblе tо соmmunісаtе thеіr thіrѕt. Chіldrеn mау bесоmе lіѕtlеѕѕ and fеvеrіѕh, have vomiting аnd/оr dіаrrhеа, and mау show a dеlау іn their grоwth.

Other vulnеrаblе реорlе unable tо hеlр themselves tо water, ѕuсh аѕ people wіth dеmеntіа, аrе also аt rіѕk of dеhуdrаtіоn.

Extreme dehydration саn lead to hуреrnаtrеmіа, a соndіtіоn in whісh, bесаuѕе оf lоw wаtеr, thе sodium соnсеntrаtіоn of the ѕеrum іn the blооd gеtѕ vеrу hіgh, аnd thе сеllѕ оf the bоdу are deprived оf water.Hypernatremia can lеаd tо nеurоlоgісаl ѕуmрtоmѕ ѕuсh as neuromuscular еxсіtаbіlіtу, соnfuѕіоn, seizures, оr even соmа.